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Montalcino

Pienza panorama.jpg

I T       N L      D E

Pienza, Palazzo Piccolomini and the Duomo [1]


Toacana ] Galleria di immagini  
     
   

Pienza

   
   

Pienza, situated in the province of Siena, in the Val d'Orcia between the towns of Montepulciano and Montalcino, is the 'touchstone' of Renaissance urbanism.
Pienza was rebuilt from a village called Corsignano, which was the birthplace of Enea Silvio Piccolomini, a Renaissance humanist who later became Pope Pius II. It has been designated as part of the world-wide heritage of humanity by UNESCO.

 

 

 

History

Before the village was renamed to Pienza its name was Corsignano. It is first mentioned in documents from the 9th century. Around 1300 parts of the village became property of the Piccolomini family,[2] after Enghelberto d'Ugo Piccolomini had been enfeoffed with the fief of Montertari in Val d'Orcia by the emperor Frederick II in 1220.[3] In the 13th century Franciscans settled down in Corsignano.[2]

Enea Silvio Piccolomini

 

Pinturicchio, Pope Pius II Arrives in Ancona, 1502-08, fresco, Piccolomini Library, Duomo, Siena [1]


Corsignano was the birthplace of Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini (Italian: Enea Silvio Piccolomini), a Renaissance humanist born into an exiled Sienese family, who later became Pope Pius II. Once he became Pope, Piccolomini had the entire village rebuilt as an ideal Renaissance town and renamed it after himself to Pienza. Intended as a retreat from Rome, it represents the first application of humanist urban planning concepts, creating an impetus for planning that was adopted in other Italian towns and cities and eventually spread to other European centers.

 

   
   

Pienza | Ingrandire mappa


 
   

The rebuilding was done by Florentine architect Bernardo Rossellino who may have worked with the humanist and architect Leon Battista Alberti, though there are no documents to prove it for sure. Alberti was in the employ of the Papal Curia at the time and served as an advisor to Pius. Construction started about 1459. Pope Pius II consecrated the Duomo on August 29, 1462, during his long summer visit. He included a detailed description of the structures in his Commentaries, written during the last two years of his life.

Main sights

Palazzo Piccolomini

   

The trapezoidal piazza is defined by four buildings. The principal residence, Palazzo Piccolomini, is on the west side. It has three stories, articulated by pilasters and entablature courses, with a twin-lighted cross window set within each bay. This structure is similar to Alberti's Palazzo Rucellai in Florence and other later palaces. Noteworthy is the internal court of the palazzo. The back of the palace, to the south, is defined by loggia on all three floors that overlook an enclosed Italian Renaissance garden with Giardino all'italiana era modifications, and spectacular views into the distant landscape of the Val d'Orcia and Pope Pius's beloved Mount Amiata beyond. Below this garden is a vaulted stable that had stalls for 100 horses.

 

 


Palazzo Piccolomini

Qk-Pienza-Duomo-11     Pienza, Palazzo Piccolomini, cortile
       

Pienza, Palazzo Piccolomini, cortile

 

The Duomo


   
The Duomo (Cathedral), which dominates the center of the piazza, has a facade that is one of the earliest designed in the Renaissance manner. Though the tripartite division is conventional, the use of pilasters and of columns, standing on high dados and linked by arches, was novel for the time. The bell tower, however, has a Germanic flavor as is the layout of the Hallenkirche plan, a "triple-nave" plan where the side aisles are almost as tall as the nave; Pius, before he became pope, served many years in Germany and praised the effects of light admitted into the German hall churches in his Commentari.[4] Works of art in the duomo include five altar paintings from the Sienese School, by Sano di Pietro, Matteo di Giovanni, Vecchietta and Giovanni di Paolo. The Baptistry, dedicated as usual to San Giovanni, is located next to the apse of the church.

 


Duomo (Pienza)

Pienza, Duomo

Palazzo Vescovile

 

   
Pius encouraged cardinals to build palazzi to complete the city. Palazzo Vescovile, on the third side of the piazza, was built to house the bishops who would travel to Pienza to attend the pope. Its construction was financed by Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia (the future Pope Alexander VI but, at the time, Vatican Vice-Chancellor). It may represent a remodeling of the old town hall of Corsignano. It is now home to the Diocesan Museum,[5] and the Museo della Cattedrale. The collection includes local textile work as well as religious artifacts. Paintings include a 12th-century painted crucifix from the Abbey of San Pietro in Vollore, 14th century works by Pietro Lorenzetti (Madonna with Child) and Bartolo di Fredi (Madonna della Misericordia). There are also important works from the 14th and 15th centuries, including a Madonna attributed to Luca Signorelli.

 

 


Palazzo Vescovile, Museo Diocesano d'Arte Sacra di Pienza

Palazzo Vescovile, Museo Diocesano d'Arte Sacra di Pienza

Palazzo Comunale

   
Across from the church is the town hall, or Palazzo Comunale. When Corsigniano was given the status of an official city, a Palazzo was required that would be in keeping with the "city's" new urban position, though it was certainly more for show than anything else. It has a three-arched loggia on the ground floor facing the Cathedral and above it is the council chamber. It also has a brick bell tower that is shorter than its counterpart at the cathedral, to symbolize the superior power of the church. The set-back addition to the tower dates from 1599. It is likely that Bernardo Rossellino designed the Palazzo Comunale to be a free standing civic mediator between the religious space before the cathedral and secular market square to its rear.

The travertine well in the Piazza carries the Piccolomini family crest, and was widely copied in Tuscany during the following century. The well-head resembles a fluted, shallow Etruscan Bowl. The flanking Corinthian support a classical entablature columns whose decorations are clearly based upon actual source materials.

 


Pienza, Palazzo Comunale
Palazzo Comunale

Other buildings

 

   

Other buildings in Pienza dating from the era of Pius II include the Ammannati Palace, named for Cardinal Jacopo Piccolomini-Ammannati, a "curial row" of three palaces (the Palazzo Jouffroy or Atrebatense belonging to Cardinal Jean Jouffroy, the Palazzo Buonconti, belonging to Vatican Treasurer Giliforte dei Buonconti, and the Palazzo Lolli constructed by apostolic secretary and papal relative Gregorio Lolli) arranged along the street behind the Bishops Palace. In the northeastern corner of Pienza is a series of twelve row houses constructed at the orders of the pope by the Sienese building contractor Pietro Paolo da Porrina.

About fifty meters west of the Cathedral Piazza is the church of San Francesco, with a gabled facade and Gothic portal. Among the buildings that survived from the old Corsignano, it is built on a pre-existing church that dated from the 8th century. The interior contains frescoes depicting the life of Saint Francis, those on the walls having been painted by Cristofano di Bindoccio and Meo di Pero, 14th-century artists of the Sienese School.

 

The Pieve of Corsignano

   
The Romanesque Pieve of Corsignano is located in the neighbourhood. The monastery of Sant'Anna in Camprena was founded in 1332-1334 by Bernardo Tolomei as a hermitage for the Benedictines; it was remade in the late 15th-early 16th century, and several times in the following centuries. The refectory houses frescoes by il Sodoma (1502–1503).

The frazione of Monticchiello is home to a characteristic Romitorio, a series of grottoes carved in the rock by hermit monks. In the same locality is the pieve of Santi Leonardo e Cristoforo, rebuilt in the 13th century in Gothic style. The interior has frescoes from a 14th-century Sienese painter, a cyborium in the shape of a small Gothic portal and an alte 15th-century Crucifix. At San Pietro in Campo are the remains of the eponymous abbey.

 


Facciata della Pieve dei Santi Vito e Modesto a Corsignano
Facciata della Pieve dei Santi Vito e Modesto a Corsignano

Photo gallery Monastero di Sant'Anna in Camprena

Pienza

 

   
Qk-Pienza-Duomo-06   Pienza-chiesa01  

Piazza Pio II: Palazzo Comunale e Palazzo Vescovile, Pienza

 

 

Pienza, Via di Circonvallazione, Via dell'amore e il Duomo

 

 

Luca Signorelli, Madonna della Misericordia tra San Sebastiano e San Bernardino, (1490 ca.), Museo Diocesano, Pienza

 

Pienza, Concattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta - Organo Giustozzi   ItaliaPienzaDuomoPart   Pienza, Duomo, interiore
Concattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta, Organo Giustozzi  

Pienza, Duomo, vista parcial del Duomo desde la entrada al Palazzo Piccolomini

 

  Pienza, Duomo, interiore

Chiesa san francesco (pienza)

  Qk-Pienza-Duomo-16   Qk-Pienza-Duomo-15

San Francesco

 

       
Matteo di Giovanni - Madonna con S. Caterina, S. Matteo, S. Bartolomeo, S.Lucia   Vito e modesto a pienza   Pieve Corsignano esterno

Pienza, Duomo, Matteo di Giovanni, Madonna con S. Caterina, S. Matteo, S. Bartolomeo, S.Lucia

  Pieve dei Santi Vito e Modesto a Corsignano   Pieve di Corsignano
Photo gallery Monastero di Sant'Anna in Camprena

       
Brunello di Montalcino vineti e Monte Amiata   Sant'Angelo in Colle   53026 Pienza, Province of Siena, Italy - panoramio (3)

Brunello di Montalcino vineti e Monte Amiata

 

 

Sant'Angelo in Colle

 

  Walking in the Val d'Orciae
Giardino delle Rose, Horti Leonini, San Quirico d'Orcia   San Quirico d'Orcia   Chiesa San Francesco, San Quirico d'Orcia

Giardino delle Rose, Horti Leonini, San Quirico d'Orcia

 

 

San Quirico d'Orcia

 

  Chiesa San Francesco, San Quirico d'Orcia
The frazioni Cosona (9,12 km), La Foce (12,64 km), Monticchiello (5,41 km) and Spedaletto (5,38 km) are part of the community Pienza.

 

Travel Guide | Unesco World Heritage Sites in Tuscany | Pienza

Portal site Pienza | www.portalepienza.it

Eventi | Gioco del Cacio al Fuso the cheese rolling competition in Pienza 





[1] Photo by Raffaele pagani, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

 

Questo articolo è basato sull'articolo Pienza dell' enciclopedia Wikipedia ed è rilasciato sotto i termini della GNU Free Documentation License.


Holiday accomodation in Tuscany





Case vacanza in Toscana | Podere Santa Pia

     
Colline sotto Podere Santa Pia

Val d'Orcia" between Montalcino and San Quirico d’Orcia

 

     
Hills below Podere Santa Pia
Bee hive in the garden    

The first beehive in the garden of Podere Santa Pia.What to do with a swarm of bees that descends in your garden? Watch the movie.

 

 
Podere Santa Pia
, with a magnificent view over Tuscan Maremma Toscana, up to the Tyrrhenian Sea and the island of Montecristo

Podere Santa Pia, con una vista indimenticabile sulla Maremma Toscana


The best restaurants in Pienza

 

Osteria Sette di Vino

Osteria Sette di Vino
Piazza di Spagna 1, 53026, Pienza, Italy
+39 0578 749092
Closed Wednesday
Website: www.portalepienza.it
Simple and inexpensive osteria on a quiet, pleasant square, the Piazza di Spagna in the center of Pienza.


Caffe Della Volpe

Caffe Della Volpe
Via delle Case Nuove 7, 53026, Pienza, Italy
+39 347 404 3450


Agriturismo Ristorante La Fonte

Agriturismo Ristorante La Fonte
Localita Fonte Bertusi di Sopra 73, 53026, Pienza, Italy
Tel. +39 0578 749142
Tel. mobile +39 339 8698900
info@lafonte.toscana.it
Website: www.lafonte.toscana.it/il-ristorante


Baccano Il Panino Toscano

Baccano Il Panino Toscano
Corso il Rossellino, 9, 53026, Pienza, Italy
+39 0578 748784
Website (Facebook): www.facebook.com/baccanoilpaninotoscano


La Terrazza del Chiostro

La Terrazza del Chiostro
Via del Balzello | Cross street of Corso Il Rossellino 26, 53026, Pienza, Italy
+39 0578 748183
Website: www.laterrazzadelchiostro.it
Sitting on this beautiful terrazzo affords the view of the whole valley below


Restaurants in Monticchiello


Osteria La Porta

Osteria La Porta
Via del Piano 1, 53026 Monticchiello, Pienza, Italy
+39 0578 755163
Website: http://www.osterialaporta.it