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La Costa Toscana

Montecristo1.JPG

The island of Montecristo, the beach of Cala Maestra

 

Toacana ] Galleria di immagini  
     
   

The island of Montecristo, the beach of Cala Maestra

 

   
   

Montecristo was made famous by the French novelist Alexandre Dumas in his classic The Count of Monte Cristo, a story of revenge, honour and buried treasure.

Montecristo is not easy to visit. Until a few years ago only scientists and park rangers could disembark at Cala Maestra, the island’s natural harbour, where boats are allowed to dock. It was open for guided tours only in 2008 but the number of visitors is limited to 1000 a year.[4]

 

Island of Monte Cristo nature reserve

Nowadays the island has only two permanent human inhabitants, both nature reserve keepers. In addition, agents of the State Forestry Corps from Follonica live there in alternating shifts of two weeks at a time.[1] The state nature reserve Isola di Monte Cristo is a biogenetic reserve of 1,039 hectares established in 1971 by ministerial decree to protect the unique nature of the island.[1] Today it belongs to the Tuscan Archipelago National Park. It was also awarded the European Diploma of Protected Areas in 1988,[2] and recognized as a site of pan-European interest.[3]

Visitors face a number of restrictions. It is not possible to stay overnight, and fishing, swimming, and surfing is prohibited within 1,000 meters of the coast. It is possible to cruise within three miles (4.8 km)of the coast, but not to fish. Access by sea can take place only at Cala Maestra, where the seabed is sandy, with an approach course perpendicular to the coast; it is possible to dock at the pier or tie up against a buoy, but dropping anchor is not allowed; there is also a small heliport for emergencies. To visit the island, one must apply for access at the Forestry Corps in Follonica.

Visitors with basic authorisation must stay at Cala Maestra, and can visit only the Royal Villa, the botanical garden, and the museum. The waiting list for access is long, since an upper limit has been set of only 1,000 visitors per year. The average waiting time for approval is three years; priority is given to scientific expeditions, associations, and schools. Tours take place only on the three existing trails, all very challenging.[4]

 

Access Information and permission

Access by sea can take place only at Cala Maestra.

Corpo Forestale di Follonica
Telefono: 0566 400 19
Email: utb.follonica@corpoforestale.it

References
  1.  "Isolani, ma non isolate" (in Italian). Retrieved 27 February 2012.  archive.org
  2. Ministero dell`Ambiente – Le aree protette italiane insignite del Diploma" (in Italian).
  3. Habitats Directive WWF European Shadow List" (PDF). WWF. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  4. The Forbidden Island of Montecristo, Tuscany Retrieved 12.7.2016

 

 

   
   
 
   

Landmarks

Monastery of St. Mamiliano
Cave of St. Mamiliano
Fortress of Monte Cristo on the island's highest peak (645 m)
Royal Villa
Natural History Museum
Botanical Garden
Mill at the Grotto of St. Mamiliano (ruins)
Chapel of Santa Maria at the Cala di Santa Maria (ruins)

 

San Mamiliano

Around the middle of the fifth century AD, the caves of the island became home to several hermits escaping from the Vandals of Genseric, the most important of whom was St. Mamilian. They christened the island Mons Christi, from which the modern name is derived.
At the beginning of the seventh century, Pope Gregory the Great submitted them to the monastic rule of the Benedictines.[3] In this period, the Monastery of St. Mamilian was founded; as a result of donations to the Church, its wealth became legendary, and a chapel was built in the St. Mamiliano Cave where the saint had lived in the fifth century.[4] In 1216, the monks joined the order of the Camaldolese. Thanks to the donations of several noble families, the monastery became powerful and rich, and this gave rise to the legend of treasure hidden on the island.[3]
In 1870 David Lazzaretti, the prophet of Monte Labbro, spent some time in exile on the island of Montecristo.

 

La Costa Toscana | Le spiagge più ricercate della Toscana | Galleria fotografica


Isola Montecristo e San Mamiliano


 

   
Monastero o Abbazia di Montecristo   Grotta di San Mamiliano o Grotta del Santo   Tox Montecristo depuis ND des Graces

Ruins of the Monastery of San Mamiliano [2]

 

  Chapel and Cave of San Mamiliano on Montecristo   The island of Montecristo view from the chapel Notre-Dame des Grâces, Tox, Castagniccia (Corsica)

The Count of Monte Cristo (film 1908)   Montecristo   the beach of Cala Maestra

Hobart Bosworth (right) in The Count of Monte Cristo (film 1908)

 

  Montecristo  

The beach Cala Maestra

Map of Montecristo | Map


   

[1] Photo by Sailko, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
[2] Photo by Ferpint, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
[3] Timeline" (in Italian). Retrieved 27 February 2012.  archive.org
[4] Peria, Gloria; Ferruzzi, Silvestre (2010). L'isola d'Elba e il culto di San Mamiliano (in Italian). Portoferraio.

 

 


Map with directions for the ruins of the Monastery of San Mamiliano and the cave were he lived

 

Questo articolo è basato sull'articolo Montecristo dell' enciclopedia Wikipedia ed è rilasciato sotto i termini della GNU Free Documentation License